Bartonella clarridgeiae, a newly recognized zoonotic pathogen causing inoculation papules, fever, and lymphadenopathy (cat scratch disease).

Published

Journal Article

Shortly after adopting a 6-week-old cat, a veterinarian was bitten on the left index finger. Within 3 weeks, he developed headache, fever, and left axillary lymphadenopathy. Initial blood cultures from the cat and veterinarian were sterile. Repeat cultures from the cat grew Bartonella-like organisms with lophotrichous flagella. Sera from the veterinarian were not reactive against Bartonella henselae, B. quintana, or B. elizabethae antigens but were seroreactive (reciprocal titer, 1,024) against the feline isolate. Sequential serum samples from the cat were reactive against antigens of B. henselae (titer, 1,024), B. quintana (titer, 128), and the feline isolate (titer, 2,048). Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of this and six additional feline isolates, including microscopic evaluation, biochemical analysis, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, DNA-DNA hybridization, and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism of the 16S gene, 16S-23S intergenic spacer region, and citrate synthase gene identified the isolates as B. clarridgeiae. This is the first report of cat scratch disease associated with B. clarridgeiae.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kordick, DL; Hilyard, EJ; Hadfield, TL; Wilson, KH; Steigerwalt, AG; Brenner, DJ; Breitschwerdt, EB

Published Date

  • July 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1813 - 1818

PubMed ID

  • 9196200

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9196200

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0095-1137

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States