GENIS: gene expression of sodium iodide symporter for noninvasive imaging of gene therapy vectors and quantification of gene expression in vivo.


Journal Article

With the goal of optimizing adenovirus-mediated suicide gene therapy for prostate cancer, we have developed a method based on the human sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) that allows for noninvasive monitoring of adenoviral vectors and quantification of gene expression magnitude and volume within the prostate. A replication-competent adenovirus (Ad5-yCD/mutTK(SR39)rep-hNIS) coexpressing a therapeutic yeast cytosine deaminase (yCD)/mutant herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (mutTK(SR39)) fusion gene and the hNIS gene was developed. Ad5-yCD/mutTK(SR39)rep-hNIS and a replication-defective hNIS adenovirus (rAd-CMV-FLhNIS) were injected into contralateral lobes of the dog prostate and hNIS activity was monitored in live animals following administration of Na(99m)TcO(4) using gamma camera scintigraphy. Despite the close proximity of the urinary bladder, (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake was readily detected in the prostate using viral dose levels (10(10) to 10(12) viral particles) that have been safely administered to humans. Due to its rapid clearance and short physical half-life (6 h), it was possible to obtain daily measurements of (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake in vivo, allowing for dynamic monitoring of reporter gene expression within the prostate as well as biodistribution throughout the body. High-resolution autoradiography of prostate sections coupled with 3D reconstruction of gene expression demonstrated that the magnitude and volume of gene expression could be quantified with submillimeter resolution. Implementation of the GENIS (gene expression of Na/I symporter) technology in the clinic will facilitate optimization of future human gene therapy trials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barton, KN; Tyson, D; Stricker, H; Lew, YS; Heisey, G; Koul, S; de la Zerda, A; Yin, F-F; Yan, H; Nagaraja, TN; Randall, KA; Jin, GK; Fenstermacher, JD; Jhiang, S; Ho Kim, J; Freytag, SO; Brown, SL

Published Date

  • September 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 508 - 518

PubMed ID

  • 12946325

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12946325

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1525-0016

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s1525-0016(03)00153-9


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States