A technique of automating compensator design for lung inhomogeneity correction using an electron portal imaging device.
A technique of automating compensator design for lung inhomogeneity correction using an electron portal imaging device (EPID) has been investigated. This technique utilizes exit-radiation information as detected by an EPID to determine the thickness of the compensator desired. In this particular study, the compensator thickness is determined to provide a uniform gray-level distribution (related to uniform exit-dose distribution) in the region of the portal image to be compensated. Initially, a compensation characteristic curve, which relates the compensator thickness to the pixel value of the electronic portal image, is measured for both the Lead and Lipowitz compensator materials and a 6-MV photon beam. Then, a chest-treatment field is simulated using an anthropomorphic phantom. Based on the analysis of the profile (gray-level distribution) across the lung and mediastinum regions in the electronic portal image, the average of pixel values within the mediastinum region is selected as the matching level and the regions to be compensated are determined. With the aid of the predetermined compensation characteristic curve and proper distance scaling, the compensator thickness at each pixel location is automatically calculated at the block tray level to correct lung inhomogeneity. In a simple test using a single anterioposterior (AP) chest field, the compensated profile in the electronic portal image presents a uniform gray-level distribution (related to uniform exit dose) compared to the uncompensated profile.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Yin, FF; Schell, MC; Rubin, P
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