Combined heart failure device diagnostics identify patients at higher risk of subsequent heart failure hospitalizations: results from PARTNERS HF (Program to Access and Review Trending Information and Evaluate Correlation to Symptoms in Patients With Heart Failure) study.
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the utility of combined heart failure (HF) device diagnostic information to predict clinical deterioration of HF in patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction. BACKGROUND: Some implantable devices continuously monitor HF device diagnostic information, but data are limited on the ability of combined HF device diagnostics to predict HF events. METHODS: The PARTNERS HF (Program to Access and Review Trending Information and Evaluate Correlation to Symptoms in Patients With Heart Failure) was a prospective, multicenter observational study in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. HF events were independently adjudicated. A combined HF device diagnostic algorithm was developed on an independent dataset. The algorithm was considered positive if a patient had 2 of the following abnormal criteria during a 1-month period: long atrial fibrillation duration, rapid ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation, high (> or =60) fluid index, low patient activity, abnormal autonomics (high night heart rate or low heart rate variability), or notable device therapy (low CRT pacing or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks), or if they only had a very high (> or =100) fluid index. We used univariate and multivariable analyses to determine predictors of subsequent HF events within a month. RESULTS: We analyzed data from 694 CRT defibrillator patients who were followed for 11.7 +/- 2 months. Ninety patients had 141 adjudicated HF hospitalizations with pulmonary congestion at least 60 days after implantation. Patients with a positive combined HF device diagnostics had a 5.5-fold increased risk of HF hospitalization with pulmonary signs or symptoms within the next month (hazard ratio: 5.5, 95% confidence interval: 3.4 to 8.8, p < 0.0001), and the risk remained high after adjusting for clinical variables (hazard ratio: 4.8, 95% confidence interval: 2.9 to 8.1, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Monthly review of HF device diagnostic data identifies patients at a higher risk of HF hospitalizations within the subsequent month. (PARTNERS HF: Program to Access and Review Trending Information and Evaluate Correlation to Symptoms in Patients With Heart Failure; NCT00279955).
Whellan, DJ; Ousdigian, KT; Al-Khatib, SM; Pu, W; Sarkar, S; Porter, CB; Pavri, BB; O'Connor, CM; PARTNERS Study Investigators,
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