The past, present and future of renin-angiotensin aldosterone system inhibition.
The renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) is central to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. RAAS inhibition can reduce blood pressure, prevent target organ damage in hypertension and diabetes, and improve outcomes in patients with heart failure and/or myocardial infarction. This review presents the history of RAAS inhibition including a summary of key heart failure, myocardial infarction, hypertension and atrial fibrillation trials. Recent developments in RAAS inhibition are discussed including implementation and optimization of current drug therapies. Finally, ongoing clinical trials, opportunities for future trials and issues related to the barriers and approvability of novel RAAS inhibitors are highlighted.
Mentz, RJ; Bakris, GL; Waeber, B; McMurray, JJV; Gheorghiade, M; Ruilope, LM; Maggioni, AP; Swedberg, K; Piña, IL; Fiuzat, M; O'Connor, CM; Zannad, F; Pitt, B
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