Influence of documented history of coronary artery disease on outcomes in patients admitted for worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction in the EVEREST trial.
AIMS: Data on the prognosis of heart failure (HF) patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have been conflicting. We describe the clinical characteristics and mode-specific outcomes of HF patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF) and documented CAD in a large randomized trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: EVEREST was a prospective, randomized trial of vasopressin-2 receptor blockade, in addition to standard therapy, in 4133 patients hospitalized with worsening HF and reduced EF. Patients were classified as having CAD based on patient-reported myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary revascularization. We analysed the characteristics and outcomes [all-cause mortality and cardiovascular (CV) mortality/HF hospitalization] of patients with and without documented CAD. All events were centrally adjudicated. Documented CAD was present in 2353 patients (57%). Patients with CAD were older and had more co-morbidities compared with those without CAD. Patients with CAD were more likely to receive a beta-blocker, but less likely to receive an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or aldosterone antagonist (P < 0.01). After risk adjustment, patients with documented CAD had similar mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.97-1.30], but were at an increased risk for CV mortality/HF hospitalization (HR 1.25, 95% CI 1.12-1.41) due to an increased risk for HF hospitalization (HR 1.26, 95% CI 1.10-1.44). Patients with CAD had increased HF- and MI-related events, but similar rates of sudden cardiac death. CONCLUSION: Documented CAD in patients hospitalized for worsening HF with reduced EF was associated with a higher burden of co-morbidities, lower use of HF therapies (except beta-blockers), and increased HF hospitalization, while all-cause mortality was similar.
Mentz, RJ; Allen, BD; Kwasny, MJ; Konstam, MA; Udelson, JE; Ambrosy, AP; Fought, AJ; Vaduganathan, M; O'Connor, CM; Zannad, F; Maggioni, AP; Swedberg, K; Bonow, RO; Gheorghiade, M
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