A review of dyspnea in acute heart failure syndromes.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

In acute heart failure syndrome (AHFS), dyspnea is one of the most common but least understood presenting symptoms for hospitalization. For this reason, dyspnea relief is increasingly becoming a focus in the development of therapies for the treatment of AHFS, and currently stands as an acceptable primary end point for regulatory approval by governmental agencies. This raises the question of how best to measure such a subjective symptom. In this review, we will describe the basis for dyspnea, provide a detailed description of the strengths and weaknesses of the current best tools used to measure it, and describe future directions for future development of dyspnea measurement in AHFS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • West, RL; Hernandez, AF; O'Connor, CM; Starling, RC; Califf, RM

Published Date

  • August 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 160 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 209 - 214

PubMed ID

  • 20691823

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6744

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ahj.2010.05.020


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States