ExacTrac X-ray 6 degree-of-freedom image-guidance for intracranial non-invasive stereotactic radiotherapy: comparison with kilo-voltage cone-beam CT.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare the residual setup errors measured with ExacTrac X-ray 6 degree-of-freedom (6D) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for a head phantom and patients receiving intracranial non-invasive fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Setup data were collected on a Novalis Tx treatment unit for an anthropomorphic head phantom and 18 patients with intracranial tumors. Initial corrections were determined and corrected with the ExacTrac system only, and then the residual setup error was determined by means of three different procedures. These procedures included registrations of ExacTrac X-ray images with the corresponding digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRRs) using the ExacTrac 6D fusion, and registrations of CBCT images with the planning CT using both online 3D fusion and offline 6D fusion. The difference in residual setup errors between ExacTrac system and CBCT was computed. The impact of rotations on the difference was evaluated. RESULTS: A modest difference in residual setup errors was found between ExacTrac system and CBCT. The root-mean-square (RMS) of the differences observed for translations was typically <0.5mm for phantom, and <1.5mm for patients, respectively. The RMS of the differences for rotation(s) was however <0.2 degree for phantom, and <1.0 degree for patients, respectively. The impact of rotation on the setup difference was minor but not negligible. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that there is a general agreement between ExacTrac system and CBCT.
Ma, J; Chang, Z; Wang, Z; Jackie Wu, Q; Kirkpatrick, JP; Yin, F-F
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