Temperament moderates associations between exposure to stress and children's externalizing problems.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The interaction between a temperament profile (four groups determined by high vs. low resistance to control [unmanageability] and unadaptability [novelty distress]) and family stress in predicting externalizing problems at school in children followed from kindergarten through eighth grade (ages 5-13) was investigated. The sample consisted of 556 families (290 boys). At Time 1 just prior to kindergarten, mothers retrospectively reported on their child's temperament during infancy. Each year, mothers reported stress and teachers reported children's externalizing problems. Temperament profile was tested as a moderator of the stress-externalizing association for various time periods. Results indicated that the combination of high resistance to control and high unadaptability strengthens the stress-externalizing association. Findings are discussed in terms of possible underlying mechanisms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Schermerhorn, AC; Bates, JE; Goodnight, JA; Lansford, JE; Dodge, KA; Pettit, GS

Published Date

  • September 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 84 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1579 - 1593

PubMed ID

  • 23438634

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23438634

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/cdev.12076


  • eng