The exploration of hot nuclear matter

Journal Article (Review;Journal)

When nuclear matter is heated beyond 2 trillion degrees, it becomes a strongly coupled plasma of quarks and gluons. Experiments using highly energetic collisions between heavy nuclei have revealed that this new state of matter is a nearly ideal, highly opaque liquid. A description based on string theory and black holes in five dimensions has made the quark-gluon plasma an archetypical strongly coupled quantum system. Open questions about the structure and theory of the quark-gluon plasma are under active investigation. Many of the insights are also relevant to ultracold fermionic atoms and strongly correlated condensed matter.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jacak, BV; Müller, B

Published Date

  • July 20, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 337 / 6092

Start / End Page

  • 310 - 314

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1215901

Citation Source

  • Scopus