Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: Our study characterizes food and energy intake responses to long-term aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT) during a controlled 8-month trial. METHODS: In the STRRIDE-AT/RT trial, overweight/obese sedentary dyslipidemic men and women were randomized to AT (n = 39), RT (n = 38), or a combined treatment (AT/RT, n = 40) without any advice to change their food intakes. Quantitative food intake assessments and food frequency questionnaires were collected at baseline (before training) and after 8 months of training (end of training); body mass (BM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were also assessed. RESULTS: In AT and AT/RT, respectively, meaningful decreases in reported energy intake (REI) (-217 and -202 kcal, P < 0.001) and in intakes of fat (-14.9 and -14.9 g, P < 0.001, P = 0.004), protein (-8.3 and -10.7 g, P = 0.002, P < 0.001), and carbohydrate (-28.1 and -14.7 g, P = 0.001, P = 0.030) were found by food frequency questionnaires. REI relative to FFM decreased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002), as did intakes of fat (-0.2 and -0.3 g, P = 0.003 and P = 0.014) and protein (-0.1 and -0.2 g, P = 0.005 and P < 0.001) in AT and AT/RT and carbohydrate (-0.5 g, P < 0.003) in AT only. For RT, REI by quantitative daily dietary intake decreased (-3.0 kcal.kg(-1) FFM, P = 0.046), as did fat intake (-0.2 g, P = 0.033). BM decreased in AT (-1.3 kg, P = 0.006) and AT/RT (-1.5 kg, P = 0.001) but was unchanged (0.6 kg, P = 0.176) in RT. CONCLUSIONS: Previously sedentary subjects completing 8 months of AT or AT/RT reduced their intakes of calories and macronutrients and BM. In RT, fat intakes and REI (when expressed per FFM) decreased, BM was unchanged, and FFM increased.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bales, CW; Hawk, VH; Granville, EO; Rose, SB; Shields, T; Bateman, L; Willis, L; Piner, LW; Slentz, CA; Houmard, JA; Gallup, D; Samsa, GP; Kraus, WE

Published Date

  • October 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 2033 - 2039

PubMed ID

  • 22525775

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22525775

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-0315

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318259479a

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States