Branched-chain amino acids alter neurobehavioral function in rats.

Journal Article

Recently, we have described a strong association of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and aromatic amino acids (AAA) with obesity and insulin resistance. In the current study, we have investigated the potential impact of BCAA on behavioral functions. We demonstrate that supplementation of either a high-sucrose or a high-fat diet with BCAA induces anxiety-like behavior in rats compared with control groups fed on unsupplemented diets. These behavioral changes are associated with a significant decrease in the concentration of tryptophan (Trp) in brain tissues and a consequent decrease in serotonin but no difference in indices of serotonin synaptic function. The anxiety-like behaviors and decreased levels of Trp in the brain of BCAA-fed rats were reversed by supplementation of Trp in the drinking water but not by administration of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, suggesting that the behavioral changes are independent of the serotonergic pathway of Trp metabolism. Instead, BCAA supplementation lowers the brain levels of another Trp-derived metabolite, kynurenic acid, and these levels are normalized by Trp supplementation. We conclude that supplementation of high-energy diets with BCAA causes neurobehavioral impairment. Since BCAA are elevated spontaneously in human obesity, our studies suggest a potential mechanism for explaining the strong association of obesity and mood disorders.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Coppola, A; Wenner, BR; Ilkayeva, O; Stevens, RD; Maggioni, M; Slotkin, TA; Levin, ED; Newgard, CB

Published Date

  • February 15, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 304 / 4

Start / End Page

  • E405 - E413

PubMed ID

  • 23249694

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1555

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpendo.00373.2012

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States