Pathways to the All-Volunteer Military
Objectives: The present study investigates the role of a disadvantaged background, the lack of social connectedness, and behavioral problems in channeling young men to the opportunities of the all-volunteer military instead of to college and the labor market.
Methods: Data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States. The analytic sample consists of 6,938 white, black, and other males.
Results: The greatest likelihood of military service over college and the labor force occurs when young men of at least modest ability come from disadvantaged circumstances , experience minimal connectedness to non-military others , and report a history of adolescent fighting..
Discussion: Findings suggest the importance of access to post-high school education and worklife opportunities as a military service incentive for less advantaged young men in the all volunteer era.
Elder, J; Glen, H; Lin, W; Naomi, JS; Daniel, A; Tyson, B
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