Social status predicts wound healing in wild baboons

Journal Article

Social status can have striking effects on health in humans and other animals, but the causes often are unknown. In male vertebrates, status-related differences in health may be influenced by correlates of male social status that suppress immune responses. Immunosuppressive correlates of low social status may include chronic social stress, poor physical condition, and old age; the immunosuppressive correlates of high statusmay include high testosterone and energetic costs of reproduction. Here we test whether these correlates could create status-related differences in immune function by measuring the incidence of illness and injury and then examining healing rates in a 27-y data set of natural injuries and illnesses in wild baboon males.We found no evidence that the high testosterone and intense reproductive effort associated with high rank suppress immune responses. Instead, high-ranking males were less likely to become ill, and they recovered more quickly than low-ranking males, even controlling for differences in age. Notably, alpha males, who experience high glucocorticoids, aswell as the highest testosterone and reproductive effort, healed significantly faster than other males, even other high-ranking males.We discuss why alphamales seemto escape from the immunosuppressive costs of glucocorticoids but low-ranking males do not, including the idea that glucocorticoids'effects depend on an individual's physiological and social context.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Archie, EA; Altmann, J; Alberts, SC

Published Date

  • 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 109 / 23

Start / End Page

  • 9017 - 9022

PubMed ID

  • 22615389

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.1206391109