Classification tree methods provide a multifactorial approach to predicting insular body size evolution in rodents.

Journal Article

Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain size changes in insular mammals, but no single variable suffices to explain the diversity of responses, particularly within Rodentia. Here in a data set on insular rodents, we observe strong consistency in the direction of size change within islands and within species but (outside of Heteromyidae) little consistency at broader taxonomic scales. Using traits of islands and of species in a classification tree analysis, we find the most important factor predicting direction of change to be mainland body mass (large rodents decrease, small ones increase); other variables (island climate, number of rodent species, and area) were significant, although their roles as revealed by the classification tree were context dependent. Ecological interactions appear relatively uninformative, and on any given island, the largest and smallest rodent species converged or diverged in size with equal frequency. Our approach provides a promising framework for continuing examination of insular body size evolution.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Durst, PAP; Roth, VL

Published Date

  • April 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 179 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 545 - 553

PubMed ID

  • 22437183

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-5323

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1086/664611

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States