Prognostic significance of functional capacity and exercise behavior in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prognostic importance of functional capacity and exercise behavior in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a prospective design, 118 consecutive participants with histologically confirmed metastatic (inoperable) NSCLC and Eastern Cooperative Oncology group (ECOG) 0-3 completed a six-minute walk test to assess functional capacity and questionnaire that assessed self-reported exercise behavior. Cox proportional models were used to estimate the risk of all-cause mortality according to six-minute walk distance (6MWD) (<358.5m, 358.5-450 m, ≥450 m) and exercise behavior (MET-hrswk(-1)) categories with adjustment for important covariates. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 26.6 months; 77 deaths were reported during this period. Functional capacity was an independent predictor of survival (P(trend)=0.003) and added incremental prognostic value beyond that provided by PS plus other traditional markers of prognosis (P(trend)=0.025). Compared with patients achieving a 6MWD <358.5m, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality was 0.61 (95% CI, 0.34-1.07) for a 6MWD of 358.5-450 m, and 0.48 (95% CI, 0.24-0.93) for a 6MWD >450 m. In unadjusted analysis, there was a borderline significant effect of exercise behavior on survival (p=0.052). Median survival was 12.89 months (95% CI, 9.11-21.05 months) for those reporting <9MET-hrswk(-1) compared with 25.63 months (95% CI, 11.28 to ∞ months) for those reporting ≥9MET-hrswk(-1). CONCLUSIONS: Functional capacity is a strong independent predictor of survival in advanced NSCLC that adds to the prediction of survival beyond traditional risk factors. This parameter may improve risk stratification and prognostication in NSCLC.
- Jones, LW; Hornsby, WE; Goetzinger, A; Forbes, LM; Sherrard, EL; Quist, M; Lane, AT; West, M; Eves, ND; Gradison, M; Coan, A; Herndon, JE; Abernethy, AP
- May 2012
Volume / Issue
- 76 / 2
Start / End Page
- 248 - 252
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)