Aging and the memorial consequences of catching contradictions with prior knowledge.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This experiment tested the possibility that older adults are less susceptible to semantic illusions because they are more likely to notice contradictions with stored knowledge. Older and young adults encoded stories containing factual inaccuracies; critically, half the participants were instructed to mark any errors they noticed. Older adults reproduced fewer story-errors on a later general knowledge test, but there were no age differences in marking errors during encoding. However, older adults were better able to recover and answer correctly after failing to notice errors during story-reading. Implications for false memories and semantic illusions are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Umanath, S; Marsh, EJ

Published Date

  • December 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1033 - 1038

PubMed ID

  • 22308998

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1498

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0882-7974

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0027242


  • eng