Design of FRESH START: a randomized trial of exercise and diet among cancer survivors.
PURPOSE: FRESH START is a randomized controlled trial that will test whether a personally tailored, distance-medicine-based program will increase exercise and fruit and vegetable consumption, and decrease fat intake of individuals recently diagnosed with breast or prostate cancer. METHODS: Early-stage breast and prostate cancer cases (N= 530) will be identified within 9 months of diagnosis from hospital cancer registries and large oncologic practices throughout the United States. These individuals will be sent a letter of invitation and screened for eligibility. After a baseline telephone interview, participants will be randomized into one of two arms that receive materials aimed at increasing exercise and fruit and vegetable intake, and decreasing dietary fat: 1). an experimental arm that receives a workbook and a series of six 4-page newsletters delivered every 7 wk and personally tailored on type of cancer, cancer coping style, race, age, self-efficacy, stage of readiness, and barriers and/or progress toward goal behavior (i.e., >or= 30 min of exercise at least 5 d.wk, >or= 5 servings of vegetables and fruit per day, and
Demark-Wahnefried, W; Clipp, EC; McBride, C; Lobach, DF; Lipkus, I; Peterson, B; Clutter Snyder, D; Sloane, R; Arbanas, J; Kraus, WE
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