Histological and molecular evaluation of patient-derived colorectal cancer explants.

Published

Journal Article

Mouse models have been developed to investigate colorectal cancer etiology and evaluate new anti-cancer therapies. While genetically engineered and carcinogen-induced mouse models have provided important information with regard to the mechanisms underlying the oncogenic process, tumor xenograft models remain the standard for the evaluation of new chemotherapy and targeted drug treatments for clinical use. However, it remains unclear to what extent explanted colorectal tumor tissues retain inherent pathological features over time. In this study, we have generated a panel of 27 patient-derived colorectal cancer explants (PDCCEs) by direct transplantation of human colorectal cancer tissues into NOD-SCID mice. Using this panel, we performed a comparison of histology, gene expression and mutation status between PDCCEs and the original human tissues from which they were derived. Our findings demonstrate that PDCCEs maintain key histological features, basic gene expression patterns and KRAS/BRAF mutation status through multiple passages. Altogether, these findings suggest that PDCCEs maintain similarity to the patient tumor from which they are derived and may have the potential to serve as a reliable preclinical model that can be incorporated into future strategies to optimize individual therapy for patients with colorectal cancer.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Uronis, JM; Osada, T; McCall, S; Yang, XY; Mantyh, C; Morse, MA; Lyerly, HK; Clary, BM; Hsu, DS

Published Date

  • 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 6

Start / End Page

  • e38422 -

PubMed ID

  • 22675560

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22675560

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-6203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pone.0038422

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States