Imaging techniques for stone disease and methods for reducing radiation exposure.
Imaging plays a critical role in the evaluation of patients with urolithiasis. It is essential for the diagnosis of stones and provides important information to aide in determining the appropriate treatment of renal or ureteral calculi. Imaging for urolithiasis has evolved over the past 30 years. Currently, noncontrast computed tomography remains the first-line imaging modality for the evaluation of patients with suspected urolithiasis. Proper imaging modality selection helps to minimize radiation exposure. Following the principles of As Low As Reasonably Achievable in the operating room can help reduce the amount of radiation patients are exposed to from fluoroscopy.
Lipkin, ME; Preminger, GM
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