Efficacy and safety of minimal dose (< or =1,000 units) unfractionated heparin with abciximab in percutaneous coronary intervention.
Abciximab decreases adverse cardiac ischemic events, and in some subgroups, decreases the need for revascularization after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, abciximab may cause bleeding complications and thrombocytopenia after PCI. We hypothesized that the efficacy and safety of PCI would be maintained, if not improved, when performed using abciximab accompanied by only minimal doses (< or =1,000 U) of unfractionated heparin. In this prospectively designed observational study, we assessed 500 consecutive patients who underwent PCI, consisting of either stent deployment or high-speed rotational atherectomy, and who received abciximab accompanied by only a minimal dose of unfractionated heparin, as directed by a novel dosing strategy: (1) if the patient was previously receiving an infusion of heparin, then it was terminated upon arrival to the cardiac catheterization laboratory, and no further heparin was administered; or (2) if the patient was not receiving an infusion of heparin, then a single bolus infusion of 1,000 U was administered after establishment of vascular access. The median activated clotting time for the patients during PCI was 168 seconds (25% quartiles, 153 to 185). The technical success rate was 99.8%. There were no major adverse clinical events during the 24 hours after PCI. The incidence of non-Q-wave myocardial infarction was 1.6%. The incidences of major and minor bleeding complications were 0.2% and 3.6%, respectively, and the incidence of thrombocytopenia was 2.2%. During the 30 days after PCI, there was 1 major adverse clinical event (0.2%). During the 1 year after PCI, among the remaining patients, there were 92 adverse events (18.4%). We conclude that, in the context of historical data, the efficacy and safety of PCI using either stent deployment or high-speed rotational atherectomy is maintained, if not improved, when performed using abciximab accompanied by only minimal doses of unfractionated heparin.
Denardo, SJ; Davis, KE; Reid, PR; Tcheng, JE
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