A potent superoxide dismutase mimic: manganese beta-octabromo-meso-tetrakis-(N-methylpyridinium-4-yl) porphyrin.
Variously modified metalloporphyrins offer a promising route to stable and active mimics of superoxide dismutase (SOD). Here we explore bromination on the pyrroles as a means of increasing the redox potentials and the catalytic activities of the copper and manganese complexes of a cationic porphyrin. Mn(II) and Cu(II) octabrominated 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(N-methylpyridinium-4-yl) porphyrin, Mn(II)OBTMPyP4+, and Cu(II)OBTMPyP4+ were prepared and characterized. The rate constants for the porphyrin-catalyzed dismutation of O2.- as determined from the inhibition of the cytochrome c reduction are k(cat) = 2.2 x 10(8) and 2.9 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1), i.e., IC50 was calculated to be 12 nM and 0.88 microM, respectively. The metal-centered half-wave potential was E(1/2) = +0.48 V vs NHE for the manganese compound. Cu(II)OBTMPyP4+ proved to be extremely stable, while its Mn(II) analog has a moderate stability, log K = 8.08. Nevertheless, slow manganese dissociation from Mn(II)OBTMPyP4+ enabled the complex to persist and exhibit catalytic activity even at the nanomolar concentration level and at biological pH. The corresponding Mn(III)OBTMPyP5+ complex exhibited significantly increased stability, i.e., demetallation was not detected in the presence of a 400-fold molar excess of EDTA at micromolar porphyrin concentration and at pH 7.8. The beta-substituted manganese porphyrin facilitated the growth of a SOD-deficient strain of Escherichia coli when present at 0.05 microM but was toxic at 1.0 microM. The synthetic approach used in the case of manganese and copper compounds offers numerous possibilities whereby the interplay of the type and of the number of beta substituents on the porphyrin ring would hopefully lead to porphyrin compounds of increased stability, catalytic activity, and decreased toxicity.
Batinić-Haberle, I; Liochev, SI; Spasojević, I; Fridovich, I
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