Factor IXa inhibitors as novel anticoagulants.
Currently available anticoagulants are limited by modest therapeutic benefits, narrow clinical applications, increased bleeding risk, and drug-induced thrombophilia. Because factor IX plays a pivotal role in tissue factor (TF)-mediated thrombin generation, it may represent a promising target for drug development. Several methods of attenuating factor IX activity, including monoclonal antibodies, synthetic active site-blocked competitive inhibitors, oral inhibitors, and RNA aptamers, have undergone investigation. This review summarizes present knowledge of factor IX inhibitors with emphasis on biology, pharmacology, preclinical data, and early-phase clinical experience in humans.
Howard, EL; Becker, KCD; Rusconi, CP; Becker, RC
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