Endogenous polymers of ADP-ribose are associated with the nuclear matrix.
The metabolism of nuclear polymers of ADP-ribose has been implicated in several chromatin-associated processes. However, the distribution of endogenous ADP-ribose polymers in the nucleus or within different fractions of chromatin has not been studied. Using a procedure which allowed the radiolabeling and detection of endogenous polymers of ADP-ribose, we have analyzed the nuclear distribution of these polymers in untreated cells and in cells subjected to hyperthermia, N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, or both. When isolated nuclei from cells subjected to any of these conditions were digested with micrococcal nuclease such that 80% of the DNA was released, 90% of the total poly(ADP-ribose) remained with the micrococcal nuclease resistant chromatin fraction. When nuclear matrix fractions were prepared by exhaustive DNase I digestion in combination with three different salt extraction procedures (2 M NaCl, 300 mM (NH4)2SO4 or 25 mM lithium diiodosalicylate), the matrices contained less than 1% of the total nuclear DNA but 50 to 70% of the total poly(ADP-ribose). These data suggest that the nuclear matrix may be a major site of poly(ADP-ribose) metabolism.
Cardenas-Corona, ME; Jacobson, EL; Jacobson, MK
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