Droplet routing in the synthesis of digital microfluidic biochips
Recent advances in microfluidics are expected to lead to sensor systems for high-throughput biochemical analysis. CAD tools are needed to handle increased design complexity for such systems. Analogous to classical VLSI synthesis, a top-down design automation approach can shorten the design cycle and reduce human effort. We focus here on the droplet routing problem, which is a key issue in biochip physical design automation. We develop the first systematic droplet routing method that can be integrated with biochip synthesis. The proposed approach minimizes the number of cells used for droplet routing, while satisfying constraints imposed by throughput considerations and fluidic properties. A real-life biochemical application is used to evaluate the proposed method.