Glucose-6-phosphatase mutation G188R confers an atypical glycogen storage disease type 1b phenotype.

Published

Journal Article

Glycogen storage disease type 1a (GSD 1a) is caused by a deficiency in microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase). A variant (GSD 1b) is caused by a defect in the transport of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) into the microsome and is associated with chronic neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction. Mutually exclusive mutations in the G6Pase gene and the G6P transport gene establish GSD la and GSD 1b as independent molecular processes and are consistent with a multicomponent translocase catalytic model. A modified translocase/catalytic unit model based on biochemical data in a G6Pase knockout mouse has also been proposed for G6Pase catalysis. This model suggests coupling of G6Pase activity and G6P transport. A 5-mo-old girl with hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, and lactic acidemia was diagnosed with GSD 1a. She also developed neutropenia, neutrophil dysfunction, and recurrent infections characteristic of GSD 1b. Homozygous G188R mutations of the G6Pase gene were identified, but no mutations in the G6P translocase gene were found. We have subsequently identified a sibling and two unrelated patients with similar genotypic/phenotypic characteristics. The unusual association of neutrophil abnormalities in patients with homozygous G188R mutations in the G6Pase gene supports a modified translocase/catalytic unit model.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Weston, BW; Lin, JL; Muenzer, J; Cameron, HS; Arnold, RR; Seydewitz, HH; Mayatepek, E; Van Schaftingen, E; Veiga-da-Cunha, M; Matern, D; Chen, YT

Published Date

  • September 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 329 - 334

PubMed ID

  • 10960498

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10960498

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-3998

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1203/00006450-200009000-00011

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States