Influences of Natural Menopause on Psychological Characteristics and Symptoms of Middle-Aged Healthy Women


Journal Article

We investigated the psychological and symptom consequences of the natural menopause in a longitudinal study of 541 initially premenopausal healthy women. All women were given an extensive evaluation at baseline. After 3 years of follow-up, 69 women ceased cycling for 12 months; another 32 women had ceased cycling and had taken hormone replacement therapy for a total of 12 months. These women were reevaluated in a clinic examination identical with the baseline examination, as were 101 age-matched premenopausal control women. Comparison among groups at the baseline and follow-up examination showed that natural menopause led to few changes in psychological characteristics, with only a decline in introspectiveness and an increase in reports of hot flashes being apparent. We conclude that natural menopause did not have negative mental health consequences for the majority of middle-aged healthy women.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Matthews, KA; Wing, RR; Kuller, LH; Meilahn, EN; Kelsey, SF; Costello, EJ; Caggiula, AW

Published Date

  • January 1, 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 345 - 351

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-006X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0022-006X.58.3.345

Citation Source

  • Scopus