Mas oncogene receptor coupling and peptide specificity in Balb 3T3 and vascular smooth muscle cells.
The mas oncogene receptor has been reported to confer angiotensin (Ang) responsiveness in NG115-401L neuronal cell line. To test if mas oncogene encodes an Ang receptor in peripheral tissue, Balb 3T3 and rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) were cotransfected with a plasmid containing the mas oncogene (pSM422) and a plasmid expressing a selectable marker (pRSV-Neo). Transfected cells (Balb/mas and VSMC/mas) expressed the appropriate 2.4 Kb mas transcript, which was not present in parental cells. Both Balb/mas and VSMC/mas cells acquired Ang II and Ang III responsiveness as documented by Ang-stimulated increased [Ca2+]i. The ED50 for these peptides were relatively high (4 - 6 x 10(-5) M). Ang III was approximately two times more potent than Ang II in stimulating 45Ca efflux from Balb/mas cells, and its effect was not blocked by Sar1, Ile8-Ang II. In contrast, substance P and a substance P analogue ([D-Arg1, D-Pro2, D-Trp7,9, Leu11] substance P) behaved as agonists, resulting in the stimulation of 45Ca efflux and [Ca2+]i in Balb/mas cells without affecting control cells. The rank order potency for stimulating 45Ca efflux in Balb/mas cells was substance P analogue much greater than Ang III, substance P greater than Ang II. In summary, the authors show that although Ang III can stimulate biochemical events in mas transfected cells, which are known to be essential for Ang receptor signal transduction in other cell types, ie, [Ca2+]i and pHi transients, as well as inositol triphosphate formation, it did that at supraphysiological concentrations of the peptide.
Andrawis, NS; Brock, TA; Dzau, VJ; Pratt, RE
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