The effects of quinidine and verapamil on electrically induced automaticity in the ventricular myocardium of guinea pig.

Published

Journal Article

The effects of 2 to 10 muM verapamil (1-5 mg/l) and 3.8 to 7.6 muM quinidine (2-4 mg/l) on automaticity in ventricular myocardial fibers were examined. Papillary muscles from guinea pigs were mounted in a sucrose gap chamber and transmembrane potential was recorded by standard microelectrode techniques. Automaticity was induced with depolarizing currents of various strengths. Verapamil reduced phase 4 slope at all maximum diastolic membrane potentials. It also caused a selective reduction of the overshoot of action potentials arising from less negative maximum diastolic potentials. During exposure to verapamil, increased [Ca]0 partially restored action potential overshoot, but phase 4 slope was further reduced. Epinephrine caused a partial or complete reversal of verapamil-induced phase 4 slope depression but usually did not restore action potential overshoot. Quinidine reduced phase 4 slope at all maximum diastolic potentials. There was less marked reduction of action potential overshoot than in the case of verapamil. Epinephrine caused a partial reversal of the reduction of phase 4 slope produced by quinidine. It is concluded that although both verapamil and quinidine reduce automaticity in ventricular fibers, verapamil may be more effective in reducing the amplitude and occurrence of action potentials arising from low maximum diastolic potentials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Grant, AO; Katzung, BG

Published Date

  • February 1, 1976

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 196 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 407 - 419

PubMed ID

  • 1255485

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1255485

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3565

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States