The effects of quinidine and verapamil on electrically induced automaticity in the ventricular myocardium of guinea pig.
The effects of 2 to 10 muM verapamil (1-5 mg/l) and 3.8 to 7.6 muM quinidine (2-4 mg/l) on automaticity in ventricular myocardial fibers were examined. Papillary muscles from guinea pigs were mounted in a sucrose gap chamber and transmembrane potential was recorded by standard microelectrode techniques. Automaticity was induced with depolarizing currents of various strengths. Verapamil reduced phase 4 slope at all maximum diastolic membrane potentials. It also caused a selective reduction of the overshoot of action potentials arising from less negative maximum diastolic potentials. During exposure to verapamil, increased [Ca]0 partially restored action potential overshoot, but phase 4 slope was further reduced. Epinephrine caused a partial or complete reversal of verapamil-induced phase 4 slope depression but usually did not restore action potential overshoot. Quinidine reduced phase 4 slope at all maximum diastolic potentials. There was less marked reduction of action potential overshoot than in the case of verapamil. Epinephrine caused a partial reversal of the reduction of phase 4 slope produced by quinidine. It is concluded that although both verapamil and quinidine reduce automaticity in ventricular fibers, verapamil may be more effective in reducing the amplitude and occurrence of action potentials arising from low maximum diastolic potentials.
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