Real-time monitoring of the gas phase reactions of a single ion population using the remeasurement experiment in Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.
A single population of multiply charged protein ions formed by electrospray ionization is held in a trapped ion cell and remeasured continuously by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometry while undergoing multiple reactions with diethylamine. In a first example, electrosprayed horse myoglobin with an average of 16 attached protons is reacted with base at a pressure of 1.5 x 10(-8) Torr for a period of 60 s. A total of 31 spectra acquired with a duty cycle of 2 s exhibit the charge state-dependent formation of up to three diethylamine adducts and removal of up to nine protons. A realtime measuring experiment is then conducted over a 1 h period to observe charge stripping of electrosprayed myoglobin ions, leaving as few as seven charges. Realtime monitoring is used to evaluate the effect of reagent gas pressure on adduct formation and is used in conjunction with high mass resolution FTICR detection to resolve the isotopic peaks within individual charge states of adduct spectra. The attractive features of real-time reaction monitoring include a dramatic reduction in experiment time and sample consumed while concurrently observing long-lived intermediates and reaction products as they form.
Guan, Z; Drader, JJ; Campbell, VL; Laude, DA
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