Comparison of red cell transfusion and polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase therapy in an adenosine deaminase-deficient child: measurement of erythrocyte deoxyadenosine triphosphate as a useful tool.
The effect of red cell transfusion and polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase therapy on biochemical abnormalities, clinical status, and immunologic function in an adenosine deaminase-deficient child was investigated. After red cell transfusions, erythrocyte deoxyadenosine triphosphate (dATP) concentrations decreased about 95% and were closely related to adenosine deaminase activities; deoxyadenosine diphosphate concentrations decreased only approximately 30%. The evolution of dATP levels was also closely related to the improvement in clinical status of the patient. However, immune function was not restored. After polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase therapy, the concentration of erythrocyte dATP decreased to undetectable levels correlated with an increase of T lymphocyte counts and an increase of lymphocyte responses to mitogens. Immune functions were restored only when dATP levels were below 15 mumols/L. It appears that red cell transfusion therapy is not sufficiently effective to reduce and maintain erythrocyte dATP levels at values compatible with normal immune function. On the contrary, polyethylene glycol-modified adenosine deaminase therapy is a suitable treatment to reduce dATP levels to near undetectable values, allowing the immune function to be restored, dATP measurement is a very useful tool for monitoring and evaluating the degree of efficiency of therapy in adenosine deaminase deficiency.
Bory, C; Boulieu, R; Souillet, G; Chantin, C; Rolland, MO; Mathieu, M; Hershfield, M
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