Effect of administration of high dose intrathecal clonidine or morphine prior to sciatic nerve section on c-Fos expression in rat lumbar spinal cord.
The effects of moderate and high intrathecal doses of clonidine, an alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonist, or a high dose of morphine on sciatic nerve section-induced expression of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity was studied in laminae I and II of the dorsal horn and laminae VIII and IX of the ventral horn of rat lumbar spinal cord. c-Fos-like immunoreactivity was examined by immunohistochemistry in normal rats (group 1), rats implanted with an intrathecal catheter with its tip on the lumbar spinal cord (group 2), injected with 10 micrograms (group 3) or 50 micrograms (group 4) clonidine intrathecally 3 h before being killed. In other groups, saline, 10 or 50 micrograms clonidine or 30 micrograms morphine was injected 1 h before unilateral nerve section, and the expression of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity was examined 2 h after axotomy. Few labeled neurons were found in normal controls. The intrathecal catheter itself caused a significant increase in bilateral c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in spinal dorsal and ventral horn compared to normals. The level of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity after 10 or 50 micrograms intrathecal clonidine was similar as in the intrathecal catheter group. Sciatic nerve section caused a significant ipsilateral increase in c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn compared to the intact side in rats injected with saline. Pretreatment with 10 or 10 micrograms clonidine did not reduce sciatic nerve section-induced expression of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity, but instead caused a significant bilateral increase in c-Fos-like immunoreactivity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Luo, L; Ji, RR; Zhang, Q; Iadarola, MJ; Hökfelt, T; Wiesenfeld-Hallin, Z
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