A modified sternal retractor for exposure of the internal mammary artery

Journal Article

This report describes the use of a modified chest wall rake retractor used to provide better exposure of the internal mammary artery (IMA). The instrument is easy to use and has been associated with minimal complications. It facilitates the harvesting of the IMA for use in coronary artery bypass grafting and provides better visualization of the retrosternal area for control of hemostasis.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McKeown, PP; Crew, J; Hanna, ES; Jones, R

Published Date

  • 1981

Published In

  • Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 619- -