Changes in motility that accompany the acrosome reaction in hyperactivated hamster spermatozoa

Journal Article (Journal Article)

High‐speed videomicrography was used to compare the movement characteristics of hamster epididymal sperm which completed the acrosome reaction in vitro with those of unreacted sperm in the same sample. More than 90% of the motile sperm incubated for 4.25 hr in a modified Tyrode's medium containing bovine serum albumin, taurine, and epinephrine were hyperactivated and about half were acrosome reacted. The flagella of reacted sperm beat with significantly lower frequency and bent into more acute curves than those of unreacted sperm. Lowered beat frequencies were not attributable to aging, because sperm induced to react synchronously at 3.5 hr using lysophosphatidyl choline beat with similar lowered frequencies. Both acrosome‐reacted and unreacted hyperactivated sperm swam in circular trajectories resulting from asymmetrical flagellar beating. The flagellar beating of unreacted sperm was more symmetrical; consequently, they swam in larger circles and had the potential to cover space more rapidly. Some unreacted sperm, perhaps in transition towards hyperactivation, swam in helical trajectories. When preincubated sperm were added to slides containing oocytes in cumulus, some unreacted sperm initiated cumulus penetration. All reacted sperm failed to do so, adhering instead to the cumulus at its boundary. Reacted sperm attached to the zonae pellucidae of cumulus‐free oocytes via the region of the inner acrosomal membrane. Unreacted sperm attached via the equatorial region, but pivoted about the point of attachment, thus failing to generate sustained thrust against the zona. In conclusion, unreacted hyperactivated sperm have a different potential than reacted sperm for movement and interaction with egg vestments. Copyright © 1984 Alan R. Liss, Inc.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Suarez, SS; Katz, DF; Meizel, S

Published Date

  • January 1, 1984

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 253 - 265

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1554-3919

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-7280

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mrd.1120100305

Citation Source

  • Scopus