Echocardiography in infective endocarditis.


Journal Article

Echocardiography may detect the presence of vegetative lesions in between 55 and 80% of patients with the clinical syndrome of bacterial endocarditis. While the mere presence of vegetations does not alone warrant surgical intervention in patients with this disorder those patients with echocardiographically documented large left sided lesions are more prone to embolic events and patients with multiple valve involvement do have a tendency for progressive valvular deterioration. Serial echocardiography is of help in identifying patients with certain complications such as leaflet disruption, abscess or fistula formation and ventricular compromise. Vegetative lesions do not regress in size with antibiotic treatment and may remain for years. Major criteria for surgical intervention continued to be clinical presence of refractory congestive heart failure, repeated embolic events or persistent septicemia. When surgical intervention is decided on clinical grounds, cardiac catheterization is rarely required in patients with adequate echocardiographic studies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kisslo, J; Guadalajara, JF; Stewart, JA; Stack, RS

Published Date

  • October 1, 1983

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 271 - 279

PubMed ID

  • 6642399

Pubmed Central ID

  • 6642399

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0340-9937


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany