Spirituality and health in the curricula of medical schools in Brazil.

Published online

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: According to recent surveys, 59% of British medical schools and 90% of US medical schools have courses or content on spirituality and health (S/H). There is little research, however, on the teaching of S/H in medical schools in other countries, such as those in Latin America, Asia, Australia and Africa. The present study seeks to investigate the current status of teaching on S/H in Brazilian medical schools. METHODS: All medical schools in Brazil (private and public) were selected for evaluation, were contacted by email and phone, and were administered a questionnaire. The questionnaire, sent by e-mail, asked medical school directors/deans about any S/H courses that were taught, details about those courses, S/H lectures or seminars, importance of teaching this subject for medical school directors, and medical schools characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 86 out of 180 (47.7%) medical schools responded. Results indicated that 10.4% of Brazilian Medical Schools have a dedicated S/H courses and 40.5% have courses or content on spirituality and health. Only two medical schools have S/H courses that involve hands-on training and three schools have S/H courses that teach how to conduct a spiritual history. The majority of medical directors (54%) believe that S/H is important to teach in their schools. CONCLUSION: Few Brazilian medical schools have courses dealing specifically with S/H and less than half provide some form of teaching on the subject. Unfortunately, there is no standard curriculum on S/H. Nevertheless, the majority of medical directors believe this issue is an important subject that should be taught.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lucchetti, G; Lucchetti, ALG; Espinha, DCM; de Oliveira, LR; Leite, JR; Koenig, HG

Published Date

  • August 18, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 /

Start / End Page

  • 78 -

PubMed ID

  • 22900476

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22900476

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1472-6920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/1472-6920-12-78

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England