Role of serotonin in opiate-induced prolactin secretion and antinociception in the developing rat.

Published

Journal Article

Our laboratory has demonstrated previously that the ability of opiates to stimulate prolactin (PRL) release during ontogeny precedes the appearance of a PRL response to serotonergic drugs. The present study tests the hypothesis that opiates stimulate PRL secretion through a serotonergic mechanism in adult rats, but a nonserotonergic mechanism in neonatal rats. Morphine stimulated PRL secretion in adult and neonatal (10-day-old) rats and this increase was blocked with the opiate antagonist naloxone. Ten-day-old or adult rats were pretreated with the serotonin antagonist, cyproheptadine (CYPRO), or the neurotoxin, 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). Both CYPRO and 5,7-DHT attenuated the PRL response to morphine in adult but not neonatal rats. 5,7-DHT decreased serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid substantially in the hypothalamus. When rats were pretreated with 5,7-DHT several weeks before morphine challenge, serotonin depletion was more pronounced, but the PRL response to morphine was not decreased. In addition, the PRL response to 5-hydroxytryptophan was greatly potentiated, suggesting that functional supersensitivity developed in the 5,7-DHT-treated animals. The ability of CYPRO and 5,7-DHT to block the serotonergic component of a different morphine-induced behavior in the neonate was tested using the tail immersion test for analgesia. Morphine produced profound antinociception in the rat pup which was attenuated markedly by 5,7-DHT and CYPRO. These studies demonstrate that opiates mediate their stimulatory effects on PRL release, at least in part, through a serotonergic mechanism in adult rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bero, LA; Kuhn, CM

Published Date

  • March 1, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 240 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 831 - 836

PubMed ID

  • 2435887

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2435887

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3565

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States