Inhibitory regulation of rat exocrine pancreas by peptide YY and pancreatic polypeptide
Peptide YY (PYY) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) have been shown to inhibit exocrine pancreatic secretion in vivo in a variety of species. This study evaluates the type of stimulation inhibited by PYY and PP by examining, in urethan-anesthetized rats, the inhibition of pancreatic secretion when stimulated to a comparable extent by cholecystokinin (CCK), 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG), bethanecol, and electrical vagal nerve stimulation. PYY at maximal infusion rates inhibited stimulation by CCK by 83%, bethanecol by 55%, and electrical nerve stimulation by 40%. The inhibition of CCK stimulation was half maximal at 250 pmol · kg-1 · h-1. By contrast, PYY totally inhibited 2DG-stimulated secretion with half-maximal inhibition at 10 pmol · kg-1 · h-1. PP acted similarly to PYY in inhibiting CCK and 2DG-stimulated pancreatic protein secretion but was fivefold weaker in each case. These findings indicate that PYY and PP have multiple actions but preferentially inhibit neurally mediated pancreatic secretion at a preacinar cell locus, possibly at a central site of action.
Putnam, WS; Liddle, RA; Williams, JA
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