The neural basis for learning of simple motor skills.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is a simple movement that has been used to investigate the neural basis for motor learning in monkeys. The function of the VOR is to stabilize retinal images by generating smooth eye movements that are equal and opposite to each head movement. Learning occurs whenever image motion occurs persistently during head turns; as a result image stability is gradually restored. A hypothesis is proposed in which the output from the cerebellar cortex of the flocculus guides learning; the locus of learning is in the brain stem, in VOR pathways that are under inhibitory control from the flocculus. Other, parallel VOR pathways do not receive inputs from the flocculus and are not subject to learning. Similarities among the VOR and other motor systems suggest some organizing principles that may apply in many forms of motor learning.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lisberger, SG

Published Date

  • November 4, 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 242 / 4879

Start / End Page

  • 728 - 735

PubMed ID

  • 3055293

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3055293

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States