QSPR cmc calculations for AE3 SO3 and the contribution of EO in micellization

Journal Article

Three homologous anionic AE3SO3[CnH 2n+1(OE)3SO3Na (n = 12, 14, 16)] surfactants were synthesized and purified. Firstly, their critical micelle concentration (cmc) predictions were done on an optimum Quantitative Structure-Property Relationship (QSPR) model created previously, and the cmc values were experimentally measured by use of surface tension method. It can be concluded that the QSPR model is valid due to the good agreement between the calculated results and the experimental data. Secondly, it should be emphasized that the EO segment within AESO3 moiety possesses both hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity. On one hand, from QSPR calculation, Klevens equation and organic concept diagram, the EO segment in AESO3 moiety exhibits hydrophobicity in micellization. Moreover, with increase in alkyl chain length from 12 to 16 for AE3SO3, the hydrophobicity of EO chain is on a par with that of 2.4, 2.3 and 2.2 CH2 groups respectively. On the other hand, the calculation of the thermodynamic parameters shows that the introduction of the first EO into the dodecyl sulfonate decreases ΔG omic by about 3 kJ/mol, the same as one CH2 group does. The introduction of the second and the third EO, however, decreases ΔGomic by about 1 kJ/mol respectively, which reflects that with increase in EO chain the hydrophilicity of the EO unit gets increased.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, Z-N; Wang, Z-W; Gao, Y-A; Zheng, L-Q; Liu, J; Li, G-Z; Zhang, G-Y

Published Date

  • 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 24

Start / End Page

  • 2391 - 2397

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0567-7351