Structural organization and regulation of the chicken estrogen receptor.
We have cloned the chicken estrogen receptor (ER) from a chicken oviduct lambda gt11 library using the human ER cDNA sequence. This chicken ER sequence is virtually identical to the recently published sequence. One noteable difference is an amino acid change from glutamine to arginine located toward the central region of the sequence. The size of the ER protein predicted from the 589 amino acids is approximately 66,000 which fits well with the range of molecular weights previously published for the calf uterine and human ER (65,000-70,000). We observed the size of the chicken ER mRNA to be approximately 7.8 kilobases which is in agreement with the previously published size of 7.5 kilobases. In vivo secondary stimulation of chicken oviduct total RNA with diethylstilbestrol does not induce chicken ER mRNA. A time course following the chicken ER mRNA levels after secondary stimulation with diethylstilbestrol indicated a decrease in mRNA levels 8 h after DES administration. A similar study was performed using progesterone for the secondary stimulation. An increase in the chicken ER mRNA levels was observed 24 h after stimulation with progesterone. Two regions of very high homology were delineated by analyzing the sequence of this chicken ER cDNA and comparing it to the sequences of the human ER, human glucocorticoid, and chicken progesterone receptors and the P75-erbA fusion product of the avian erythroblastosis virus. The first concensus region is 72 amino acids in length and the second region of high homology is 62 amino acids long. Detailed comparisons of these regions for the steroid hormone receptors and v-erb A are presented. Possible functions for the individual regions of high homology are discussed.
Maxwell, BL; McDonnell, DP; Conneely, OM; Schulz, TZ; Greene, GL; O'Malley, BW
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