Heterologous neutralizing antibody induction in a simian-human immunodeficiency virus primate model: lack of original antigenic sin.

Published

Journal Article

According to the principle of original antigenic sin, neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) initially directed against a single virus strain compromise the immune system's ability to subsequently mount adequate responses against antigenically divergent virus strains. In this study, rhesus macaques, after vaccination and breakthrough infection with homologous simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV), developed strong SHIV-IIIB strain-directed NAb responses that were mostly V3 loop specific. After superinfection with heterologous SHIV89.6P, all macaques developed high-titer SHIV89.6P-specific NAbs without significant boosting of SHIV-IIIB-specific NAbs. These results indicate that prior B cell responses against a single immunodeficiency virus strain do not preclude the later development of NAbs against a divergent strain of the same virus.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rasmussen, RA; Montefiori, DC; Robinson, HL; McClure, HM; Ruprecht, RM

Published Date

  • December 3, 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 184 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1603 - 1607

PubMed ID

  • 11740737

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11740737

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6613

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1086/324582

Language

  • eng