Prostate biopsy schemes: 3-d visualization-based evaluation
We have developed a prostate needle biopsy visualization system for the evaluation and optimization of biopsy schemes. Three-dimensional (3-D) prostate surface models have been reconstructed from the digitized whole-mount radical prostetactomy specimens with localized cancers. We have conducted evaluation of five major biopsy schemes with a total of 201 3-D prostate models. These are sextant, 10-pattern, 12-pattern, 14-pattern, and the 5-region schemes. The 10- and 12-pattern biopsy schemes had a 99.0% detection rate, while the rate of traditional sextant biopsy scheme was only 72.6%. The 5-region biopsy scheme had a 90.5% detection rate and the 14-pattern, which includes all the biopsies used in the above schemes, added only one additional positive case (99.5%). Our results suggest that biopsy schemes that use laterally placed biopsies based on the five region anatomical model are superior to the routinely used sextant biopsy scheme. Significant correlation is found between the tumor volume and the positive needle core volume for each of these five schemes. The 10-pattern scheme is the best in cancer detection among these five biopsy schemes.
Zeng, J; Bauer, J; Zhang, W; Sesterhenn, I; Moul, J; Mun, SK
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