Successful use of amphotericin B lipid complex in the treatment of cryptococcosis.
The efficacy and renal safety of amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) injection were assessed in 106 patients with cryptococcal infection. Eighty-three patients (78%) had a central nervous system (CNS) infection. Of these patients, 20 initiated azole therapy concomitantly with ABLC therapy, and 7 had received prior azole therapy, which continued during administration of ABLC. Clinical response (cured or improved) was achieved in 67 (66%) of 101 patients whose results could be evaluated. Response rates were 65% (51/78) for patients with a CNS infection and 70% (16/23) for patients without a CNS infection. The response rate for patients with HIV infection was 58% (30/52). Response rates were 56% (19/34) for patients who were refractory to prior antifungal therapy, 65% (11/17) for patients who were intolerant of prior antifungal therapy, 60% (3/5) for patients with underlying renal disease who received prior antifungal therapy, 76% (25/33) for patients with underlying renal disease who did not receive prior antifungal therapy, and 73% (8/11) for patients with no renal disease who did not receive prior antifungal therapy. A mean serum creatinine level decrease of 0.02 mg/dL occurred. ABLC was an effective treatment for cryptococcal infection in immunocompromised patients.
Baddour, LM; Perfect, JR; Ostrosky-Zeichner, L
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