Chemotactic activity of cerebrospinal fluid in experimental cryptococcal meningitis.
Cerebrospinal fluid from rabbits with chronic cryptococcal meningitis was tested for its chemotactic activity towards polymorphonuclear cells and monocytes. CSF chemotactic activity was present; it peaked 5-8 days after infection, coinciding with the time when the number of inflammatory cells in CSF was greatest. However, little chemotactic activity could be found in the early stages of infection, during the initial ingress of inflammatory cells. The chemotactic activity appeared to be host-derived, with characteristics consistent with lymphokine(s) or C5a. Treatment with cortisone significantly reduced the CSF chemotactic activity for both cell types; this reduction may contribute to the severe CSF leukopenia observed in cortisone-treated animals, which are unable to eradicate this yeast infection. Modulation of CSF chemotactic activity may be important to the success or failure of the host central nervous system response to Cryptococcus neoformans.
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