Carbon monoxide-cytochrome interactions in the brain of the fluorocarbon-perfused rat.
Reflectance spectrophotometry through the skull was used to investigate carbon monoxide (CO) binding by tissue hemoproteins in the brains of barbiturate-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. After splenectomy and extensive perfluorotributylamine exchange transfusion, steady-state spectral scans were obtained in Soret and visible wave-length regions during O2 ventilation, during subsequent exposure to O2-enriched gases containing 1, 3, or 5% CO, and finally after N2 anoxia. These CO exposures were well-tolerated and electroencephalograph (EEG) activity continued to be present. Initial difference spectra were influenced by CO binding to residual hemoglobin, but spectral evidence of CO-mediated b-type cytochrome reduction was obtained in the visible region as CO concentration was increased to 3 or 5%. This was associated with Soret spectra compatible with formation of the reduced cytochrome a3-CO complex. Reduction of cytochrome a at 605 nm and cytochrome c + c1 at 550 nm was absent. These findings may indicate respiratory chain branching through b cytochromes, either to a separate a3-like oxidase independent of the classical cytochrome aa3 or to an unidentified alternative CO-sensitive oxidase.
Piantadosi, CA; Sylvia, AL; Saltzman, HA; Jöbsis-Vandervliet, FF
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