Influence of delayed metamorphosis on survival and growth of juvenile barnacles Balanus amphitrite
Competent cyprid larvae of the barnacle Balanus amphitrite Darwin were prevented from metamorphosing in the laboratory for 3 or 5 d using three different techniques (holding at low temperature, crowding, and detaining on a silanized surface). We then assessed the effects of prolonging larval life on post-metamorphic growth and survival, in comparison with control individuals that metamorphosed soon after they were competent to do so. Seven experiments were conducted over 2 yr (July 1987 to September 1989). In all experiments (each with six replicates per treatment), postponing larval metamorphosis for 3 or 5 d dramatically depressed postmetamorphic growth rate (P<0.05), although metamorphic success and post-metamorphic survival were not affected (P>0.10). The results suggest that B. amphitrite cyprids deferring their metamorphosis in the field may be less successful in competing for space, at least during the first few weeks of postlarval life. © 1993 Springer-Verlag.
Pechenik, JA; Rittschof, D; Schmidt, AR
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)