Osteoporosis risk factors: Association with use of hormone replacement therapy and with worry about osteoporosis


Journal Article

Objectives: To determine whether postmenopausal women with risk factors for osteoporosis are more likely to use hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or to worry about osteoporosis than women without risk factors. Method: Cross-sectional survey of postmenopausal women at the Women Veteran Comprehensive Health Center. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. Results: Of the 230 postmenopausal women who answered the questionnaire (mean age 55.7 years), 167 (72%) reported ever having used HRT and 113 (49%) worried about osteoporosis. Factors that were significantly associated (P < .05) with ever having used HRT were race, marital status, hysterectomy, worry about osteoporosis, and being aware that HRT reduces the risk of osteoporosis; however, no other risk factors for osteoporosis were associated with HRT use, nor was having the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Women who worried about osteoporosis were significantly more likely to be under age 60; to have a family history of osteoporosis, poor self-rated current health, and osteoporosis as a medical condition; to be aware that HRT reduces the risk of osteoporosis; and to have used HRT (P < .05). Conclusions: Among risk factors for osteoporosis, only family history was associated with worry about osteoporosis, while white race was the only risk factor associated with HRT use in our cohort of postmenopausal woman veterans. This may represent a lack of awareness and knowledge about osteoporosis and its sequelae and about the benefits of HRT. An understanding of patient awareness of risk factors for osteoporosis and their motivations to take HRT can be valuable when counseling women on their decision to use HRT or other medications to prevent osteoporosis. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Osborn, BH; Couchman, GM; Siegler, IC; Bastian, LA

Published Date

  • November 1, 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 278 - 285

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1049-3867

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S1049-3867(99)00017-1

Citation Source

  • Scopus