Fabrication and characterization of a negative-refractive-index composite metamaterial

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We have designed, produced, and experimentally characterized 2.7 mm thick composite panels having negative refractive index between 8.4 and 9.2 GHz. The composite metamaterial is fabricated using conventional commercial multilayer circuit-board lithography; three-dimensional physical (as opposed to electromagnetic) structure is introduced by the use of vias to form sections of the scattering elements in the direction perpendicular to the circuit board surfaces. From scattering parameter measurements, we show that the complex permittivity, permeability, index, and impedance of the composite can be unambiguously determined. The measurements enable the quantitative determination of the negative index band and associated losses. The extracted material parameters are shown to be in excellent agreement with simulation results.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Starr, AF; Rye, PM; Smith, DR; Nemat-Nasser, S

Published Date

  • January 1, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 70 / 11

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0163-1829

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.113102

Citation Source

  • Scopus