Fundamental Correlation Lengths of Coherent Speckle in Medical Ultrasonic Images

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Refinements to previous analyses of the natural correlation lengths within simple images and between images to be compounded are presented. Comparison of theoretical and experimental results show very good agreement for the case of Rayleigh scattering media: the correlation length within a simple image is comparable to the resolution cell size; the correlation length between images to be spatially compounded is comparable to, but smaller than, the transducer or array aperture; and the correlation length between images to be frequency compounded becomes a frequency comparable to their bandwidth. Complications arising from the presence of specular scattering or due to the presence of just a few scatterers are considered. It is shown that straightforward solutions exist for either one of these problems taken by itself. When they occur in combination, calibration techniques may lead to unambiguous identification of the contributions to the scattering from diffuse or incoherent scattering and from specular or coherent scattering, and to estimation of the density of diffuse scatterers. © 1988 IEEE

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wagnef, RF; Ins An A, MF; Smith, SW

Published Date

  • January 1, 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 34 - 44

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-3010

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/58.4145

Citation Source

  • Scopus